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Simple Present – Topic

Simple Present – Verb To Be
Verbo to Be (ser / estar) 

IAMI’m
YOUAREYou’re
HEISHe’s
SHEISShe’s
ITISIt’s
WEAREWe’re
YOUAREYou’re
THEYAREThey’re

Exemplos:

I am a doctor
Eu sou um médico.

I am tired.
Eu estou cansado.

They are students.
Eles são alunos.

They are worried about the test.
Eles estão preocupados com a prova.

Verb To Be (Form)

Affirmative
Exemplo: I am tired.
Negative
Exemplo: I am not tired (I’m not tired).
Interrogative
Exemplo: Am I tired?
Exemplo: Why am I tired?

Affirmative
Exemplo: She is beautiful.
Negative
Exemplo: She isn’t beautiful.
Interrogative
Exemplo: Is she beautiful?

Affirmative
Exemplo: We are lost.
Negative
Exemplo: We aren’t lost.
Interrogative
Exemplo: Are we lost?

There To Be (Existir)

There is

There are

There To Be = Existir

O Verbo There To Be não necessita estar necessariamente vinculado a um sujeito.
Exemplo: There are many cars on the streets nowadays.

Have (Ter)

HAVE
Have = Ter

O verbo Have necessita estar vinculado a um sujeito para que faça sentido.
Exemplo: John and Mary have a nice countryhouse.

Other Verbs (Form)

AFFIRMATIVENEGATIVEINTERROGATIVE
I WORKI DON’T WORKDO I WORK
YOU WORKYOU DON’T WORKDO YOU WORK
HE WORKSHE DOESN’T WORKDOES HE WORK
SHE WORKSSHE DOESN’T WORKDOES SHE WORK
IT WORKSIT DOESN’T WORKDOES IT WORK
WE WORK WE DON’T WORKDO WE WORK
THEY WORKTHEY DON’T WORKDO THEY WORK

Simple Present (Form)

Affirmative
Exemplo: I like to read.

Negative
Exemplo: I don’t like to read.

Interrogative

Why
What
WhereDo you like to read?
When
etc.

Affirmative
Exemplo: She likes to read.

Negative
Exemplo: She doesn’t like to read.

Interrogative
Exemplo: Does she like to read?

Uses of the Simple Present

  1. FREQUENT ACTIONS / AÇÕES FREQUENTES
    Exemplo: Josh usually travels to the beach at weekends.
  2. FACTS / FATOS
    Exemplo: The moon is our natural satellite.
  3. SCHEDULED FUTURE / FUTURO PROGRAMADO
    Exemplo: The bus leaves at 10 o’clock.
  4. PAST / PASSADO (em narrativas)
    Exemplo: In 1945 the World War II ends.