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Ask women what disease they fear most, and the vast majority will answer: breast cancer. They may even cite the ominous statistic that 1 in 8 women will develop breast cancer at some point in her life. But what most women don’t realize is that they actually have far more to fear from heart disease, which will strike 1 out of every 3. More than 2 million European women die each year of cardiovascular disease – that’s 43% of all deaths – making their hearts, not breast cancer (with 5% of deaths annually), their No 1 killer.
Women and heart disease? Better believe it. For while most people still think of cardiovascular trouble as mainly a man’s problem, the reality is that heart disease has never discriminated between the sexes. In fact, for a variety of complex reasons, the condition is more often fatal in women than in men and is more likely to leave women severely disabled by a stroke or congestive heart failure. True, women don’t usually start showing signs until their 60s – about 10 years after men first develop symptoms. And hormones seem to play a protective role in women before menopause. But the common belief that premenopausal women are immune to heart problems is just plain wrong. In Britain alone, heart disease kills over 1,500 women younger than 45 each year.
The text says that:
What does “the vast majority” refer to?
Identifique as frases que estiverem dando a ideia de futuro (F) e e as frases que estiverem dando a ideia de ações em andamento (A).
Which answer contains the correct sequence?
Identifique as frases que estiverem dando a idéia de futuro (F) e as que estiverem dando a idéia de ações que estão acontecendo agora (A).
Select the option with the correct answers:
Despite what domestic appliance makers like you to believe, household chores are not getting any easier – housework today is as hard as it was 60 years ago. People today spend more energy scrubbing and mopping as they did in the 1937. A study from Cornell University found that most household appliances were not developed to take on the most tiring cleaning tasks. There were also differences as women found mopping floors, scrubbing and tidying the most exhausting tasks, while men found laundry or washing dishes the most exhausting.
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There are three main aspects to this profession: a diplomat has to keep his country informed about pertinent international events, promote a favorable image of his country and protect his country’s interests.
Whoever is interested in a diplomatic career has to be extremely familiar with political, economical, 5 scientific, cultural and administrative issues. To be a diplomat, it is essential to have a good knowledge of English, not only the conversational language, but also the technical terms used in international law and diplomacy itself.
In other words, a diplomat has to have a high level of English.
To follow this career, besides being fluently bilingual, one needs a standard college education and has to take and do well in the Rio Branco Institute examination in Brasília.
English is so important in this career that in the first part of this selection exam, the applicant has to demonstrate his or her proficiency in the English language. Then, during the course, foreign language classes become a priority, giving future diplomats the necessary expertise to deal with the areas of official correspondences, diplomatic negotiation and international media.
It is correct to say that:
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Some villagers were going to celebrate an important wine festival in a few day’s time, so they borrowed a huge barrel from the nearest town, put it in the village square, and determined that each of them should empty a bottle of the best wine he had into it, so that there would be plenty at the feast.
One of the villagers thought he would be very clever. “If I pour a bottle of water in, instead of wine no one will notice it”, he said to himself, “because there will be so much excellent wine in the barrel that the water will be lost in it.”
The night of the feast arrived. Everybody gathered in the village square with their jugs and their glasses for the wine. The tap on the barrel was opened – but what came out was pure water. Everyone in the village had had the same idea.
Mark the only correct alternative according to the text:
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Throughout history, the search for salt has played an important role in society. Where there was no salt near, it was brought from great distances. Thus, salt became one of the most important articles of early trade. Records show that in areas of scarcity, salt was traded ounce for ounce for gold. Rome’s major highway was called Via Salaria , that is , the Salt Road. Along that road , Roman soldiers transported salt crystals from the salt flats at Ostia up the Tiber River. In return , they received a salarium or salary, which was literally money paid to soldiers to buy salt. The old saying “ worth their salt “, which means to be valuable, derives from the custom for payment during the Empire.
The caravan trade of the Sahara was also primarily an exchange of goods for salt. Among ancient peoples there, to eat salt with another person was an act of friendship. Slaves were often purchased with salt. Salt was so important in the Middle Ages that governments retained salt trade as a monopoly, or collected taxes on its purchase. By then, people’s social rank was demonstrated by where they sat at the table, above or below the salt.
Even today, in some remote regions of the world , salt is a luxury item. In fact, in a few isolated areas of Southeast Asia and Africa, cakes made of salt are still used for money.
Baseado no texto, podemos dizer que “ If a man is worth his salt”, he is…
Considere as seguintes afirmações sobre o texto acima.
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The Thames is the longest river in England. It is 250 miles long and flows through London. It is not longer than the Nile, though. It is a wide fast-flowing river, and it is quite dangerous, so it is not a good idea to go swimming in it. Twenty years ago it was dirtier, but now people do not put so much rubbish in it, so it’s much cleaner and there are a lot of fish in it.
There are a lot of bridges over the Thames. The most famous it Tower Bridge, which opens. It is the biggest bridge too.
In the summer, a lot of tourists take a boat ride along the river. You can go from Greenwich to Westminster and as far as Kew Gardens and Hampton Court.
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Qual informação não pode ser encontrada no texto?