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Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa, was born on March 28, 1936, in the Peruvian provincial city of Arequipa. He is a writer, politician, journalist, essayist, and Nobel Prize laureate. Vargas Llosa is one of Latin America’s most significant novelists and essayists, and one of the leading authors of his generation. Some critics consider him to have had a larger international impact and worldwide audience than any other writer of the Latin American Boom. He was awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Literature “for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual’s resistance, revolt, and defeat”. Vargas Llosa rose to fame in the 1960s with novels such as The Time of the Hero (La ciudad y los perros, literally The City and the Dogs, 1963/1966), The Green House (La casa verde, 1965/1968), and the monumental Conversation in the Cathedral (Conversación en la catedral, 1969/1975). He writes prolifically across an array of literary genres, including literary criticism and journalism. His novels include comedies, murder mysteries, historical novels, and political thrillers. Several, such as Captain Pantoja and the Special Service (1973/1978) and Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter (1977/1982), have been adapted as feature films. Many of Vargas Llosa’s works are influenced by the writer’s perception of Peruvian society and his own experiences as a native Peruvian. Increasingly, however, he has expanded his range, and tackled themes that arise from other parts of the world. Another change over the course of his career has been a shift from a style and approach associated with literary modernism, to a sometimes playful postmodernism.
Like many Latin American authors, Vargas Llosa has been politically active throughout his career; over the course of his life, he has gradually moved from the political left towards liberalism or neoliberalism, a definitively more conservative political position. While he initially supported the Cuban revolutionary government of Fidel Castro, Vargas Llosa later became disenchanted with the Cuban dictator and his authoritarian regime. He ran for the Peruvian presidency in 1990 with the center-right Frente Democrático (FREDEMO) coalition, advocating neoliberal reforms.
(Adapted from www.wikipedia.org)
Are these statements about Vargas Llosa TRUE (T) or FALSE (F), according to the text?
Select the alternative which presents the correct sequence, from top to bottom.
Which of these statements DOES NOT CORRESPOND to information given in the text about Vargas Llosa?
According to the text, Vargas Llosa’s writings:
According to the text, Vargas Llosa:
On August 6th, 1945, at 8:16 a.m., the first atomic bomb exploded in Hiroshima, Japan. On August t 9th, 1945, at approximately 11:01a.m., the second atomic bomb exploded in Nagasaki, Japan.
The bomb which was dropped on Hiroshima carried the equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT. Everything within four square miles was desolated. The bomb dropped in Nagasaki contained the equivalent of 21,000 tons of TNT, and destroyed everything within three square miles.
Many years after the bombing of Japan, many people still question the decision of Truman to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Some say it was an immoral act of injustice, yet others say it was the only way to stop the war. Nevertheless, after the damages were assessed, everybody realized what a horrible and fatal mistake it was – in fact, the atomic bomb had done more harm than good.
Choose T (true) or F (false) to the statements according to the text:
Select the correct answer.
Define the correct statement(s) based on the text:
Which are the correct letters?
Select the only correct sentence according to the text:
Pergunta: Have you washed the dishes yet?
I __________ French since I was 9 years old.
I __________ a lot this month.
Jane __________ that film many times. And she is watching it again right now!
Where _________ last night?
___________ to a foreign country?
The boys __________ a lot for the test.
Look! Those houses __________ repaired. They are really beautiful now.
My friends and I __________ a lot recently.
Thomas __________ married for ten years. Now he is divorced.
My fish __________ last year
a) Don’t call Jimmy. I’ve done it. (already/ever/yet)
b) I haven’t visited the Gallery . (just/yet/never).
c) They have eaten a sandwich. (just/ever/yet)
d) Have you been to Paris? (yet/ever/since)
e) This is our first time in London. We have been here. (ever/never/just)