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Even though sometimes it seems that the trend for recycling is a new thing it isn’t. It was during the Second World War that the recycling frenzy really reached its peak. At this time parts of cars were used to make rifles, aluminium chewing gum wrappers were used for making aircraft and cooking fat used to make explosives. Indeed, an old Second World War poster shows a German plane on fire with the caption underneath reading, “Your scrap brought it down.” With wartime rationing, householders were forced to use their imagination on how to reuse and recycle everything they owned. Nothing could go to waste.
One American man remembers his life on the farm when his mother made clothes for him out of old animal feed sacks, rags were made into rugs, and jam jars used as glasses. However, economic prosperity after the war meant that people stopped worrying about where they could find clothes or anything else. Everything became available, everything became disposable. In the world today the rubbish is piling up. In Britain alone, 16 – 20 million tons of rubbish are thrown away every year. In many countries huge amounts of waste products are buried in landfill sites. However, space is running out and in some cases so are many natural resources. In this case governments and environmentalists worldwide have to turn to the option of mass recycling.
Unfortunately not all rubbish can rot away to nothing. Natural materials such as food and most paper products will break down. So reusing these things in a different form becomes essential. This is recycling: reclaiming products that may at first appear to have fulfilled their useful life. As inhabitants of this earth, we all have a duty to protect the environment. Together we can save endangered species and the rain forests. We should contribute to environmental protection by finding new ways of using products we throw away.
Nowadays recycling is an industry. As the world’s natural resources run out, manufacturers must find ways of reusing products. For example, old tyres can be melted down and reshaped. What can we do to help our environment?
I) We can sort our waste by separating it and then taking it to the appropriate recycling bins.
II) We can reuse things as jars and envelopes.
III) We can buy recycled products like stationery.
IV) We can transform our waste food into a compost heap which we may use as fertilizer for our gar- dens later.
Adapted from: EVANS, Virginia & MILTON, James, FCE Listening and Speaking Skills, p. 96/99, vol. 2, Express Publishing, UK, 2000.
The main purpose of the text “Recycling: Not Just a 90’s Fashion” is
The subject of this text is about
According to the second (2nd) paragraph, “rags were made into rugs” because
According to the fourth (4th) paragraph, recycling is
During the Second World War, people were forced to use their imagination in order to reuse and recycle everything. Considering the information in the text, which pair DOESN’T match?
The text was picked up from
According to the text, nowadays, we can say that
To what conclusion do we come after reading this text?
The Conjunction “SO” (paragraph 3) suggests
The lexical item “ITS” (paragraph 1) refers to